A report on the munich agreement of 1938 between germany france great britain and italy

munich agreement summary

The Treaty of Versailles recognized the independence of Czechoslovakia with a population that included three million German-speaking people, 24 percent of the total population of the country. Attlee described the agreement as a great victory for Hitler.

They claimed that the lack of a firm stand by the Government was responsible for the betrayal of the Czechs. The Sudeten Germans were not consulted about whether they wished to be citizens of Czechoslovakia.

munich agreement definition

He stated that Britain should have felt sympathy for the Czechs but claimed that with a new system of guarantees, Czechoslovakia would enjoy greater security than before.

Christopher Hobhouse writing in The Spectator, also saw the agreements as a surrender.

A report on the munich agreement of 1938 between germany france great britain and italy

The commission will also be entitled to recommend to the four Powers, Germany, the United Kingdom, France, and Italy, in certain exceptional cases, minor modifications in the strictly ethnographical determination of the zones which are to be transferred without plebiscite. He claimed that once Germany's territorial demands were exhausted, Hitler would be prepared to negotiate an understanding with Britain and would agree to arms limitations. Chamberlain had asked for the Czech ambassador to Berlin to come to Munich as an adviser, but he was not allowed in the same room as Hitler. Source 2c 3. The Sudeten Germans were under instruction from Hitler to avoid a compromise, [24] and after the SdP held demonstrations that provoked police action in Ostrava on 7 September in which two of their parliamentary deputies were arrested, [22] the Sudeten Germans used this incident and false allegations of other atrocities as an excuse to break off further negotiations. Melville stated that the Sudeten minority was treated well in comparison to German minorities in Poland or the Italian South Tyrol. They advocated that Britain should recognize this fact or risk becoming involved in another needless and more destructive war. He predicted that Belgium could no longer refuse passage of German troops, thereby eliminating Britain's historical concern for the Low Countries. In an editorial letter to The Times, Nigel Law voiced his opposition in which he claimed that the editorial of 7 September advocating partition affected public opinion abroad. The four territories marked on the attached map will be occupied by German troops in the following order: the territory marked number I on the 1st and 2nd of October, the territory marked number II on the 2nd and 3rd of October, the territory marked number III on the 3rd, 4th and 5th of October, the territory marked number IV on the 6th and 7th of October. Use the sources above as well as any other knowledge you may have about the situation in the Sudetenland to answer the following: What are the arguments for and against each of these statements about appeasement? In the Nineteenth Century, Harold Nicolson stated that most people initially greeted the Munich Agreement with a sense of relief. Six months later, in March , German troops took over the rest of Czechoslovakia. They also believed that once the German demands were satisfied, Hitler would become less aggressive and begin a new era of peace. The British Conservative Prime Minister, Neville Chamberlain, led the crusade for peace with his attempts to negotiate a settlement to the problem.

Grant Duff, writing in the Contemporary Review, questioned H. Hitler was open about his refusal to accept many of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. Beck hoped they would all resign together but no one resigned except Beck.

appeasement ww2

Chamberlain also pledged a 10, pound loan to the Czechs to help them in their difficult transition.

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Munich Pact signed