An introduction to the history of the second amendment to the constitution in the united states

You may think at first that the people of revolutionary times added this amendment so they could have guns to go hunting for food.

2nd amendment text

This will not only lessen the call for military establishments, but if circumstances should at any time oblige the Government to form an army of any magnitude, that army can never be formidable to the liberties of the People, while there is a large body of citizens, little, if at all, inferior to them in discipline and the use of arms, who stand ready to defend their own rights, and those of their fellow-citizens.

Until recently, the judiciary treated the Second Amendment almost as a dead letter.

2nd amendment summary

McAffee and Michael J. The words are the same, but the punctuation is different. Cruikshank Handguns are banned in some countries including Great Britain and Japan. All three of the cases heard before cemented the court's opinion that the Bill of Rights, and specifically the Second Amendment, does not prohibit states from setting their own rules on gun ownership. McDonald v. Heller and McDonald v. At the time, owning guns by citizens was also important for other reasons including organizing a local militia, fighting off invasions from foreign powers, self-defense against Indian raids, and to help with law enforcement. Notwithstanding the lengthy opinions in Heller and McDonald, they technically ruled only that government may not ban the possession of handguns by civilians in their homes. The case involved members of the Ku Klux Klan not allowing black citizens the right to standard freedoms, such as the right to assembly and the right to bear arms. The case centered on Dick Heller, a licensed special police office in Washington, D. It was deemed a compromise between Federalists — those who supported the Constitution as it was ratified — and the anti-Federalists — those who supported states having more power.

Hellerthe U. McReynolds delivered a majority ruling stating that the Second Amendment was not relevant to their case, in part because a sawed-off shotgun is not a standard weapon for use in U.

third amendment to the united states constitution

Charles disputes these claims citing similar disarming by the patriots and challenging those scholars' interpretation of Blackstone. The amendment was ratified by the States and authenticated by Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson as: [40] A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.

Miller in Chicago, the Supreme Court struck down also in a decision a similar citywide handgun ban, ruling that the Second Amendment applies to the states as well as to the federal government.

They cite examples, such as the Declaration of Independence describing in "the Right of the People to Constitution[ edit ] Ideals that helped to inspire the Second Amendment in part are symbolized by the minutemen.

what does the second amendment say
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US Government for Kids: Second Amendment