Long term consequences of the english civil war
However, Charles's insistence on giving command of the English force to his unpopular royal favourite George Villiers, the Duke of Buckinghamundermined that support.
The Royalist cavalry had a tendency to chase down individual targets after the initial charge, leaving their forces scattered and tired, whereas Cromwell's cavalry was slower but better disciplined.
As the summer progressed, cities and towns declared their sympathies for one faction or the other: for example, the garrison of Portsmouth commanded by Sir George Goring declared for the King,  but when Charles tried to acquire arms from Kingston upon Hullthe weaponry depository used in the previous Scottish campaigns, Sir John Hothamthe military governor appointed by Parliament in January, refused to let Charles enter the town,  and when Charles returned with more men later, Hotham drove them off.
First and foremost, to avoid Parliament, the King needed to avoid war. Throughout May, the House of Commons launched several bills attacking bishops and episcopalianism in general, each time defeated in the Lords.
These human and material losses were replicated on the Catholic side as the Protestants retaliated.
Revisionist view of the Civil War The Revisionists suggested that the Civil War was not the result of long-term developments at all.
Positioned on each side of the infantry were cavalry, with a right-wing led by the lieutenant-general and left by the commissary general.
Second english civil war
However, Charles's insistence on giving command of the English force to his unpopular royal favourite George Villiers, the Duke of Buckingham , undermined that support. The two sides would line up opposite one another, with infantry brigades of musketeers in the centre. Lacey Baldwin Smith says, "the words populous, rich, and rebellious seemed to go hand in hand". On one side, the King and his supporters fought for traditional government in church and state, while on the other, most Parliamentarians initially took up arms to defend what they saw as a traditional balance of government in church and state, which the bad advice the King received from his advisers had undermined before and during the "Eleven Years' Tyranny". These towns had become fortresses and showed more reliable loyalty to him than others. Once summoned, a Parliament's continued existence was at the king's pleasure, since it was subject to dissolution by him at any time. Historians estimate that both sides had only about 15, men between them,[ citation needed ] but the war quickly spread and eventually involved every level of society. You can to compare the Civil War with the Glorious Revolution — time when Parliament really succeeded in reducing the power of the monarchy. Having little opportunity to replenish them, in May he sought shelter with a Presbyterian Scottish army at Southwell in Nottinghamshire. For example, a failure to attend and receive knighthood at Charles's coronation became a finable offence with the fine paid to the Crown.
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